IN CASH OR KIND)
- If one is too old and has no strength to fast, or is
so ill that there is no hope of recovery or has the strength to fast,
then he may not fast and for each fast he may give Fidiyah
(recompensation) equal to Sadqa-e-Fitr
to the poor or feed sufficiently in the morning and evening. This
is called Fidiyah in Shariah. Price of grain may also be
- It is also permissible to distribute the of
Fidiyah to several poor.
- If the ailing person who has already given Fidiyah,
recovers from his illness or gains enough strength he shall have to
keep all the missed fasts and the recompensation already given
shall have its own reward.
- If several missed fasts were due to some one and
he made a will before death that recompensation be given for his
missed lasts, then his heirs should give the Fidiyah out of his property
and it is essential-If after meeting the funeral expenses and discharge of debts so much
property is left that one third of it may be given as Fidiyah, then
it should be given.
- If one has not willed but his heir gave the Fidiyah out of his property, then also it should be hoped that Allah may accept it and may not hold the deceased responsible for the missed fasts. Without one's will it is not permissible to give recompensation
(Fidiyah) out of the property of the deceased. If the recompensation
exceeds one-third of the whole property even then it is not allowed
to give more then 1/3 in recompensation without the consent of all
the heirs. The consent of a minor heir has no value according to
Shariah. After separating the share of minor, it is
permissible for the major heirs to give willingly.
- If any who has missed prayers dies with a Will that
recompensation be given for the missed prayers, then above rule
described at No. 5 shall apply.
- The recompensation for each time of prayer is the
same as for one fast. So the Fidiyah of one day's five due Salaats
(prayers) and one Witr Salaat (prayer) i.e. six prayers is equal to 10 Kg of
- If Zakaat is due and has not been given, then he should
make a Will and it is essential for heirs to give it. But if it is
not willed and the heirs gave it of their own free will, then Zakaat
has not been settled and it shall remain due to the deceased.
- It is not proper for the heir to offer missed Prayers
or to keep missed fasts on behalf of a deceased as these Shall
remain due on the deceased.