The Command forQurbaani is for All Muslims
The Qurbaani has been made waajib (incumbent) upon the whole Ummah and not only upon the pilgrims. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam, the Sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum, Taabi'een and the whole of the Ummah all over have kept up this waajib steadfastly through all ages. It is a command of Allah to all, be they in Makkah, Madinah or any other part of the globe.
It is not a distinguished feature confined to Makkah Mukarramah, nor as wrongly understood by some, to be a specialty only attached to rituals of Hajj and for pilgrims therein.
The Qurbaani under discussion is incumbent on every person in every town after ascertaining its conditions, which are mentioned in "
On Whom is Qurbaani Waajib?"
The sacrifice offered by pilgrims as part of the rituals of Hajj is known as dam-e-shukr, (sacrifice of thanksgiving) which is waajib upon those performing Hajj-e-Qiraan or Hajj-e-Tamattu' and Mustahab (desirable) for those performing Hajj-e-Ifraad.
Those who hold the view that Qurbaani is confined only to Makkah Mukarramah have based their opinion on total ignorance of the Qur'aan and Sunnah. Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam and Sahaabah radhiyallahu anhum performed Qurbaani in Madinah and elsewhere every year as is evident from the Ahaadeeth mentioned hereunder:
Abdullah Ibne 'Umar radhiyallahu anhu reports that Rasulullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam lived in Madinah Munawwarah for ten years. He performed Qurbaani (every year).
(Tirmizi pp. 182 Vol.1) (Mishkaat pp. 129)