Masaa'il (Laws & Rules) pertaining to Zakaat 

Mas’alah 1- Zakaat is essential and compulsory for one who possesses 612 grams of silver or about 88 grams of gold and one year has Passed over it and remains with him unused or consumed. If the quantity is less than this, then Zakaat will not be compulsory.
Mas’alah 2-If one had 90 grams of gold for four or six months and then the quantity was reduced before the prescribed quantity and again regained after two or three months then also Zakaat will be essential. . Thus if in the beginning or at the end of year one was rich and possessed the prescribed wealth and in the middle had less than that for sometime, then Zakaat is essential and one is not excused from its payment. But if the whole wealth is lost and again he gets it, then the  period of one shall be counted from the day of regaining it.
Mas’alah 3-One had wealth more than the prescribed limit, but ode full year did not pass over it and was consumed before the end of the year, then payment of Zakaat will not be due.
Mas’alah 4-If one has Rs.4000/- upon which Zakaat is essential and he is also indebted for RS. 4000/-; then Zakaat is not due upon him whether the amount remains with him for fun one year or not.
Mas’alah 5-If one has RS. 4000/- and is indebted for RS. 2000/- then Zakaat will be due and essential for the remaining RS. 2000/-.
Mas’alah 6-Zakat is also essential and due upon gold or silver ornaments, utensils and silver or gold laces etc. whether they are in use or kept in a safe and is never used. Thus on everything of gold or silver Zakaat is essential provided that it is not less than the prescribed quantity.
Mas’alah 7-If gold and silver is not pure but alloyed, that is if lead is mixed with silver or brass with gold, then it should be  judged whether the quantity of silver or gold is greater than lead or brass in the alloy. If the silver or gold is more, then the alloy will be treated as silver or gold and Zakaat will be essential  if it is in the prescribed quantity.
Mas’alah 8-If one possesses some gold and some silver and neither of them is in the prescribed quantity, but if the total price of both is equal to the price of 612 grams of silver or 88 grams of gold, then Zakaat will be essential, not due if less. But if both gold and silver arc in prescribed quantity then there is no need to assess their value as Zakaat is due upon it.
Mas’alah 9- Suppose the rate of gold is Rs 4500/- per 10 gram and of silver RS. 100/- per 10 gram and one possesses 25 grams of gold and it remains with him for full one year, then Zakaat is due and essential on this gold because with the price of this gold i.e. RS. 11250/- 1125 grams of silver can be purchased and the prescribed limit of silver is 612 grams.
Mas’alah 10-If one had few hundred rupees with him more than his requirement and before the end of the year he received some more, then the additional ' money will not be counted separately and at the end of the year Zakaat on the entire sum will be due and essential as if he had the entire amount for the whole year.  

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